Home

Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committees

Highlighted words reveal
definitions when selected.

A Joint Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Committee is a committee composed of an equal number of workers’ representatives and employees representing the employer. It is a legal requirement under the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations for all worksites with 20 or more workers, or as instructed by the Chief Safety Officer.

Establishing the Joint OHS Committee in health and safety is part of an employer’s duty to protect the health and safety of their workers.

In workplaces with less than 20 employees, where there is no committee, the employer is responsible for designating an OHS representative.

The committee participates in hazard identification through regular workplace inspections, makes recommendations to the employer on how to eliminate or control hazards, investigates circumstances that led to a work refusal, and promotes health and safety in the workplace.   At the request of a safety officer, a member of the committee may join the officer in inspections and investigations.

The OHS representative must meet regularly with the employer to discuss health and safety issues, and may call a special meeting when urgent concerns must be considered. He or she must participate in the identification and control of health and safety hazards and promote a safe and healthy workplace. 

The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations in both the Northwest Territories and Nunavut outline requirements for the Joint OHS Committees and OHS Representative.

The Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committees Code of Practice provides information on the role of a Joint OHS Committee, as well as how to develop and maintain an effective committee. It includes how to run meetings, what documentation is needed, and how long to store records.

As an employer you must:

  • establish a Joint OHS Committee or designate a OSH representative;
  • make sure that the members of the committee representing the workers are chosen by the workers; delegate an equal number of employees to represent the employer;
  • post the name of each committee member at a readily accessible location on site;
  • allow time and resources for the committee members to carry out the necessary tasks of their role;
  • train the committee members on the duties and functions of the Joint OHS Committee;
  • ensure that the Committee or representative inspects each workplace at least every three months;
  • reply in writing, as soon as reasonably possible, to the recommendations made by the committee; and
  • notify workers of written communication received from Safety Officers, and send a copy of the communication to the Joint OHS Committee.

Committees must:

  • hold a meeting within 14 days after being established; then monthly for the first three months, and after that at regular intervals of no longer than 3 months;
  • ensure that the meetings are co-chaired by a worker elected from the worker representatives and by an employee elected from the employer’s representatives;
  • record minutes of each meeting; keep them on file, and post a copy in a location readily accessible by the workers. When required, send a copy of the minutes to the Safety Officer;
  • make decisions only when at least one half of the committee members are present and at least half of those present are workers;
  • make decisions regarding a work refusal only by unanimous vote; if unanimity cannot be attained, refer the matter to a delegate of the Chief Safety Officer;
  • perform inspections at least once every three months; and
  • participate in investigations as required.

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
R-039-2015

Part 4 COMMITTEE AND REPRESENTATIVE

Section 37 Establishment of committee

37. An employer shall establish a Committee

(a) at a work site where 20 or more workers work or are likely to work for more than 90 days; or

(b) if so directed by the Chief Safety Officer.

Section 38 Composition of committee

38. If an employer is required to establish a Committee, he or she shall ensure that it is composed of an equal number of

(a) workers chosen by the workers at the work site, who are representative of and who shall represent the occupational health and safety concerns of the workers at the work site; and

(b) individuals chosen by the employer, or by each employer where workers of two or more employers work at the same work site, to represent the employer or employers.

Section 39 Designation of representative

39. If fewer than 20 workers work at a work site and there is no Committee, each employer shall designate not less than one worker as the occupational health and safety representative for the workers.

Section 40 Names accessible

40. An employer shall ensure that the name of each member of the Committee or of each representative is readily accessible to workers at the work site.

Section 41 Quorum and certain votes

41. (1) A quorum consists of one-half of the members of the Committee, if

(a) representatives of both employers and workers are present; and

(b) not less than one-half of the members present represent workers.

(2) Any business of a Committee that is transacted, and any meeting of a Committee that is held where a quorum is not present is not a valid transaction or meeting.

(3) A decision of the Committee made under subsection 13(5) or (6) of the Act with respect to a refusal to work must be made by a unanimous vote of members of the Committee who are present.

(4) If a Committee is unable to make a decision under subsection (3), it shall, as soon as is reasonably possible, notify and refer the matter to a delegate of the Chief Safety Officer for investigation.

(5) The delegate of the Chief Safety Officer referred to in subsection (4) must be a safety officer.

Section 42 Frequency of meetings

42. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a Committee shall

(a) hold its first meeting within 14 days after being established;

(b) hold three subsequent meetings not less than once each month; and

(c) after the third subsequent meeting referred to in paragraph (b), hold regular meetings at intervals not exceeding three months.

(2) The Chief Safety Officer may require the Committee to meet more frequently than required under subsection (1) due to any of the following at a work site:

(a) the existence of particular hazards or circumstances;

(b) the complexity of the work carried out;

(c) the number of workers.

Section 43 Minutes

43. A Committee shall

(a) record minutes of each meeting and keep the minutes on file;

(b) send a copy of the minutes to the Chief Safety Officer, if required by the Chief Safety Officer; and

(c) post a copy of the minutes at a location that is readily accessible to workers at the work site.

Section 44 Co-chairperson

44. (1) At the first meeting of the Committee,

(a) members of the Committee representing workers shall elect a worker co-chairperson from among their number; and

(b) each employer shall jointly appoint only one employer co-chairperson from the members of the Committee representing the employers.

(2) A worker co-chairperson shall keep the workers informed of the activities, concerns and recommendations of the Committee and of any information addressed to the Committee.

(3) An employer co-chairperson shall keep each employer informed of activities, concerns and recommendations of the Committee and of any information addressed to the Committee.

(4) An employer shall facilitate the performance of a worker co-chairperson’s duties during normal work hours by

(a) permitting meetings of workers; or

(b) other means that are appropriate in the circumstances.

Section 46 Meetings of employers and representatives

46. (1) If a representative is designated for a work site, each employer shall meet with the representative regularly to discuss health and safety matters.

(2) A representative may call a special meeting with an employer to deal with urgent concerns, imminent dangers to health and safety or investigations of accidents causing serious bodily injury or of dangerous occurrences.

Section 47 Opportunity for necessary activities

47. (1) An employer shall ensure that

(a) the Committee or representative is allowed to examine any log book, inspection report or other record that the employer is required to keep at the work site under the Act or these regulations;

(b) each member of the Committee or a representative has reasonable opportunity, during normal working hours and without loss of pay or benefits, to receive and investigate concerns, to inform workers of the provisions of the Act or regulations made under the Act, or to conduct other business necessary for the functioning of the Committee or representative;

(c) the members of the Committee have reasonable opportunity to hold a special meeting under section 45 at any time; and

(d) the representative has reasonable opportunity to hold a special meeting under subsection 46(2) at any time.

(2) An employer shall ensure that each member of the Committee or a representative who participates in a regular meeting held under subsection 42 or subsection 46(1) or in a special meeting held under section 45 or subsection 46(2), does not lose any pay or benefits as a result of that participation.

Section 49 Duty to inspect work site

49. An employer shall ensure that the Committee or representative

(a) performs an inspection of the work site not less than once every three months; and

(b) submits a written report of each inspection to the employer.

Section 50 Representation during inspection or investigation

50. If a safety officer inspects a work site or investigates an accident at a work site, he or she may require a Committee member or representative to be present at the inspection or investigation.

Section 51 Training of committee members and representative

51. (1) If a Committee is established at a work site, the employer shall ensure that the co-chairpersons of the Committee receive training respecting the duties and functions of the Committee.

(2) If a representative is designated at a work site, the employer shall ensure that the representative receives training respecting the duties and functions of the representative.

(3) If a member of a Committee or a representative attends a training program, seminar or course of instruction on health and safety matters conducted or provided by the Commission or by an approved training agency, the employer shall credit the member or representative’s attendance as time at work and ensure that he or she loses no pay or benefits as a result of that attendance.

Section 52 Replies by employer

52. An employer shall, as soon as is reasonably possible after receiving a recommendation made by a Committee or representative, reply in writing to the Committee or representative with a response to the recommendation.

Section 53 Communication by safety officer

53. (1) In this section, "communication" includes any order, notice or report.

(2) An employer who receives a written communication from a safety officer shall make the communication readily available to workers for not less than 30 days after the date of receiving it.

(3) If a safety officer issues a written communication to an employer relating to the health and safety of workers, the employer shall ensure that a copy of the communication is sent to the Committee or representative.

SAFETY ACT
R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

HEALTH AND SAFETY

Section 7.1 Committee and representative

7.1. (1) Every employer shall, at a work site, in accordance with the regulations,

(a) establish a Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee; or

(b) designate an occupational health and safety representative.

(2) The duties of a Committee at a work site are

(a) to participate in the identification and control of health and safety hazards;

(b) to investigate under subsection 13(5) the circumstances that caused a refusal to work;

(c) to promote the health and safety of workers; and

(d) to perform any other duties specified in this Act or the regulations.

(3) The duties of an occupational health and safety representative at a work site are

(a) to participate in the identification and control of health and safety hazards;

(b) to promote the health and safety of workers; and

(c) to perform any other duties specified in this Act or the regulations.

(4) Every employer shall ensure, in respect of a worker who is required by this Act or the regulations to do any activity, including performing duties and functions as a member of a Committee or as an occupational health and safety representative, that

(a) time the worker spends in that activity is credited as time at work; and

(b) the worker does not lose any pay or benefits as a result of the time the worker spends in that activity.

[S.N.W.T. 2015, c. 30, s. 4]

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
R-003-2016

Part 4 COMMITTEE AND REPRESENTATIVE

Section 37 Establishment of committee

37. An employer shall establish a Committee

(a) at a work site where 20 or more workers work or are likely to work for more than 90 days; or

(b) if so directed by the Chief Safety Officer.

Section 38 Composition of committee

38. If an employer is required to establish a Committee, he or she shall ensure that it is composed of an equal number of

(a) workers chosen by the workers at the work site, who are representative of and who shall represent the occupational health and safety concerns of the workers at the work site; and

(b) individuals chosen by the employer, or by each employer where workers of two or more employers work at the same work site, to represent the employer or employers.

Section 39 Designation of representative

39. If fewer than 20 workers work at a work site and there is no Committee, each employer shall designate not less than one worker as the occupational health and safety representative for the workers.

Section 40 Names accessible

40. An employer shall ensure that the name of each member of the Committee or of each representative is readily accessible to workers at the work site.

Section 41 Quorum and certain votes

41. (1) A quorum consists of one-half of the members of the Committee, if

(a) representatives of both employers and workers are present; and

(b) not less than one-half of the members present represent workers.

(2) Any business of a Committee that is transacted, and any meeting of a Committee that is held where a quorum is not present is not a valid transaction or meeting.

(3) A decision of the Committee made under subsection 13(5) or (6) of the Act with respect to a refusal to work must be made by a unanimous vote of members of the Committee who are present.

(4) If a Committee is unable to make a decision under subsection (3), it shall, as soon as is reasonably possible, notify and refer the matter to a delegate of the Chief Safety Officer for investigation.

(5) The delegate of the Chief Safety Officer referred to in subsection (4) must be a safety officer.

Section 42 Frequency of meetings

42. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a Committee shall

(a) hold its first meeting within 14 days after being established;

(b) hold three subsequent meetings not less than once each month; and

(c) after the third subsequent meeting referred to in paragraph (b), hold regular meetings at intervals not exceeding three months.

(2) The Chief Safety Officer may require the Committee to meet more frequently than required under subsection (1) due to any of the following at a work site:

(a) the existence of particular hazards or circumstances;

(b) the complexity of the work carried out;

(c) the number of workers.

Section 43 Minutes

43. A Committee shall

(a) record minutes of each meeting and keep the minutes on file;

(b) send a copy of the minutes to the Chief Safety Officer, if required by the Chief Safety Officer; and

(c) post a copy of the minutes at a location that is readily accessible to workers at the work site.

Section 44 Co-chairperson

44. (1) At the first meeting of the Committee,

(a) members of the Committee representing workers shall elect a worker co-chairperson from among their number; and

(b) each employer shall jointly appoint only one employer co-chairperson from the members of the Committee representing the employers.

(2) A worker co-chairperson shall keep the workers informed of the activities, concerns and recommendations of the Committee and of any information addressed to the Committee.

(3) An employer co-chairperson shall keep each employer informed of activities, concerns and recommendations of the Committee and of any information addressed to the Committee.

(4) An employer shall facilitate the performance of a worker co-chairperson’s duties during normal work hours by

(a) permitting meetings of workers; or

(b) other means that are appropriate in the circumstances.

Section 46 Meetings of employers and representatives

46. (1) If a representative is designated for a work site, each employer shall meet with the representative regularly to discuss health and safety matters.

(2) A representative may call a special meeting with an employer to deal with urgent concerns, imminent dangers to health and safety or investigations of accidents causing serious bodily injury or of dangerous occurrences.

Section 47 Opportunity for necessary activities

47. (1) An employer shall ensure that

(a) the Committee or representative is allowed to examine any log book, inspection report or other record that the employer is required to keep at the work site under the Act or these regulations;

(b) each member of the Committee or a representative has reasonable opportunity, during normal working hours and without loss of pay or benefits, to receive and investigate concerns, to inform workers of the provisions of the Act or regulations made under the Act, or to conduct other business necessary for the functioning of the Committee or representative;

(c) the members of the Committee have reasonable opportunity to hold a special meeting under section 45 at any time; and

(d) the representative has reasonable opportunity to hold a special meeting under subsection 46(2) at any time.

(2) An employer shall ensure that each member of the Committee or a representative who participates in a regular meeting held under subsection 42 or subsection 46(1) or in a special meeting held under section 45 or subsection 46(2), does not lose any pay or benefits as a result of that participation.

Section 49 Duty to inspect work site

49. An employer shall ensure that the Committee or representative

(a) performs an inspection of the work site not less than once every three months; and

(b) submits a written report of each inspection to the employer.

Section 50 Representation during inspection or investigation

50. If a safety officer inspects a work site or investigates an accident at a work site, he or she may require a Committee member or representative to be present at the inspection or investigation.

Section 51 Training of committee members and representative

51. (1) If a Committee is established at a work site, the employer shall ensure that the co-chairpersons of the Committee receive training respecting the duties and functions of the Committee.

(2) If a representative is designated at a work site, the employer shall ensure that the representative receives training respecting the duties and functions of the representative.

(3) If a member of a Committee or a representative attends a training program, seminar or course of instruction on health and safety matters conducted or provided by the Commission or by an approved training agency, the employer shall credit the member or representative’s attendance as time at work and ensure that he or she loses no pay or benefits as a result of that attendance.

Section 52 Replies by employer

52. An employer shall, as soon as is reasonably possible after receiving a recommendation made by a Committee or representative, reply in writing to the Committee or representative with a response to the recommendation.

Section 53 Communication by safety officer

53. (1) In this section, "communication" includes any order, notice or report. (communication)

(2) An employer who receives a written communication from a safety officer shall make the communication readily available to workers for not less than 30 days after the date of receiving it.

(3) If a safety officer issues a written communication to an employer relating to the health and safety of workers, the employer shall ensure that a copy of the communication is sent to the Committee or representative.

SAFETY ACT
R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

HEALTH AND SAFETY

Section 7.1 Committees and representatives

7.1 (1) Every employer shall, at a work site, in accordance with the regulations,

(a) establish a Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee; or

(b) designate an occupational health and safety representative.

(2) The duties of a Committee at a work site are

(a) to participate in the identification and control of health and safety hazards;

(b) to investigate under subsection 13(5) the circumstances that caused a refusal to work;

(c) to promote the health and safety of workers; and

(d) to perform any other duties specified in this Act or the regulations.

(3) The duties of an occupational health and safety representative at a work site are

(a) to participate in the identification and control of health and safety hazards;

(b) to promote the health and safety of workers; and

(c) to perform any other duties specified in this Act or the regulations.

(4) Every employer shall ensure, in respect of a worker who is required by this Act or the regulations to do any activity, including performing duties and functions as a member of a Committee or as an occupational health and safety representative, that

(a) time the worker spends in that activity is credited as time at work; and

(b) the worker does not lose any pay or benefits as a result of the time the worker spends in that activity.

[S.Nu. 2015, c. 19, s. 4]

Accueil

Comités mixtes en santé et sécurité au travail

Sélectionnez les mots en surbrillance
pour obtenir la définition

Le cannabis est utilis; des fins médicales, récréatives et industrielles; il s’agit d’un terme général pour décrire de nombreux produits, comme des huiles, des concentrés, des feuilles séchées et du haschich. Le cannabis peut être consommé de diverses façons :

  • inhalation de la fumée (seul ou mélangé avec du tabac) ou de la vapeur;
  • ingestion (en comprimé ou mélangé à d’autres produits comestibles); 
  • absorption cutanée (timbres, crèmes ou baumes).

Les employeurs doivent intervenir relativement aux préoccupations liées à la consommation de cannabis et à la sécurité au travail en effectuant l’évaluation des dangers en milieu de travail et en prenant des mesures pour atténuer le risque. . Le terme « facultés affaiblies » renvoie à une gamme d’états ou de substances qui atténuent la capacité habituelle du travailleur de faire son travail en toute sécurité. Les travailleurs ne sont pas autorisés à travailler s’ils ont les facultés affaiblies; ils doivent aviser leur employeur si leurs facultés sont affaiblies. . Le code de pratique de la CSTIT sur le cannabis comprend des ressources pour l’élaboration d’une politique et le repérage des facultés affaiblies chez les travailleurs. Les facultés affaiblies ont diverses causes, dont :

  • la fatigue;
  • le stress;
  • la maladie;
  • l’alcool;
  • les drogues illicites;
  • les médicaments d’ordonnance;  
  • les médicaments en vente libre.

Les employeurs ne peuvent pas permettre aux travailleurs d’avoir les facultés affaiblies sur les lieux de travail , et ils doivent communiquer leurs politiques et leurs procédures à ce sujet à tous leurs employés. L’employeur doit collaborer avec le comité mixte de santé et de sécurité au travail pour rédiger une politique sur les facultés affaiblies. Cette politique doit décrire :

  • le devoir des travailleurs quant au repérage et au signalement des facultés affaiblies;
  • le devoir des employeurs quant au repérage des facultés affaiblies, à la prise de mesures correctives et à la protection des travailleurs;
  • la façon de repérer et d’évaluer les dangers, les mesures préventives qui seront prises et la façon de mettre en œuvre la politique;
  • la façon dont les travailleurs seront informés au sujet des facultés affaiblies au travail;
  • la façon dont la politique sera évaluée.

Les travailleurs sont tenus :

  • de ne jamais se rendre sur les lieux de travail avec les facultés affaiblies;
  • de dire à leur employeur qu’ils ont les facultés affaiblies, le cas échéant;
  • d’aviser leur employeur s’ils soupçonnent qu’une personne a les facultés affaiblies au travail.
  • de respecter la politique de leur employeur concernant les facultés affaiblies.

Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité au travail
R-039-2015

Part 3 OBLIGATIONS GÉNÉRALES DES EMPLOYEURS

Section 35.1 Facultés affaiblies

35.1. (1) Dans le présent article, «facultés affaiblies» s’entend de l’état détérioré ou affaibli du jugement ou de la capacité physique, ou les deux, en raison de la fatigue, d’une maladie, de l’alcool ou de drogues, qui déroge aux capacités normales exigées pour permettre à un travailleur d’accomplir ses tâches en toute sécurité.

(2) Le travailleur n’accède pas ou ne demeure pas au lieu de travail s’il a les facultés affaiblies.

(3) L’employeur ne permet pas à un travailleur d’accéder ou de demeurer au lieu de travail si ce dernier a les facultés affaiblies.

(4) Le travailleur doit informer l’employeur s’il a les facultés affaiblies.

(5) L’employeur, en consultation avec le comité ou un représentant ou, si le comité ou un représentant n’est pas disponible, avec les travailleurs, élabore, maintient et rend facilement accessible aux travailleurs une politique écrite concernant les facultés affaiblies qui comprend les éléments suivants :

a) les obligations des travailleurs en ce qui concerne l’identification de facultés affaiblies et l’obligation de les signaler;

b) les obligations des employeurs en ce qui concerne l’identification de facultés affaiblies, la protection des employés et les mesures correctives à l’égard des travailleurs qui agissent en violation de la politique;

c) un plan en ce qui concerne la mise en oeuvre de la politique;

d) une méthodologie en ce qui concerne l’identification et l’évaluation des risques;

e) les mesures préventives devant être entreprises par les employeurs et les travailleurs;

f) les programmes de formation des travailleurs;

g) un mécanisme d’évaluation de la politique.

[R-124-2018, a. 2]

Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité au travail
R-003-2016

Partie 3 OBLIGATIONS GÉNÉRALES

Article 35.1

35.1. (1) Dans le présent article, « facultés affaiblies » s’entend de l’état détérioré ou affaibli du jugement ou de la capacité physique, ou les deux, en raison de la fatigue, d’une maladie, de l’alcool ou d’autres drogues, qui déroge aux capacités normales exigées pour permettre à un travailleur d’accomplir ses tâches en toute sécurité.

(2) Le travailleur n’accède pas ou ne demeure pas au lieu de travail s’il a les facultés affaiblies.

(3) L’employeur ne permet pas à un travailleur d’accéder ou de demeurer au lieu de travail si ce dernier a les facultés affaiblies.

(4) Le travailleur doit informer l’employeur s’il a les facultés affaiblies.

(5) L’employeur, en consultation avec le comité ou un représentant ou, si le comité ou un représentant n’est pas disponible, avec les travailleurs, élabore, maintient et rend facilement accessible aux travailleurs une politique écrite concernant les facultés affaiblies qui comprend les éléments suivants :

a) les obligations des travailleurs en ce qui concerne l’identification de facultés affaiblies et l’obligation de les signaler;

b) les obligations des employeurs en ce qui concerne l’identification de facultés affaiblies, la protection des travailleurs et les mesures correctives à l’égard des travailleurs qui agissent en violation de la politique;

c) un plan en ce qui concerne la mise en oeuvre de la politique;

d) une méthodologie en ce qui concerne l’identification et l’évaluation des risques;

e) les mesures préventives devant être entreprises par les employeurs et les travailleurs;

f) les programmes de formation des travailleurs;

g) un mécanisme d’évaluation de la politique.

[R-021-2018, a. 2]